Heart attacks, strokes and chronic heart failure are among the most serious medical and social problems in the modern world. According to data from the World Health Organization, cardiovascular disease is one of the top causes of death worldwide, with around 17 million people dying each year as a result of diseases related to the cardiovascular system. The issue of chronic heart failure is made even more pressing by the severe progression of the disease and the significant treatment costs. Furthermore, CVD is not perceived as a serious threat to life in the mind of the public (as opposed to cancer, for example) and the medical community sees social attitudes towards this group of illnesses as an obstacle.
The situation concerning the spread of the new coronavirus infection, however, has forced society to look at the relevance of CVD from a new perspective, given the increased risk to those suffering from heart and blood vessel diseases. All over the world, especially in Russia, doctors paid special attention to patients suffering from heart disease during the early stages of the spread of the virus. In these cases, the SARS-CoV-2 infection significantly worsens the condition of the patient’s heart and blood vessels, complicating the treatment of patients with chronic heart failure and increasing mortality rates. What are the barriers and opportunities when it comes to achieving the goals of the national Healthcare project in the fight against cardiovascular disease within the framework of a modern governance model? How does the difficulty of treatment during an epidemic affect the incidence of chronic heart failure? What changes will be made to the Fight Against Cardiovascular Disease federal project? What state support measures are in place in the fight against CVD? How can public attitudes towards the issue of CVD be changed and how can a behavioural model for preventing CVD be implemented?